Pedagogical school during 40-50s
After the War Lukoyanov pedagogical school as well as the whole country had a very difficult time because of the loses and ruins of the wartime.
In 1945 the school's buildings acted as hospitals during the wartime were returned and, moreover, the building of the school ¹1 located on the Peace Square was moved to the pedagogical school, too. There was no money to reconstruct the buildings, so they had to do it with their own forces. But the interior of the studies was very awful (ragged walls, furniture elected by chance). In winter, the buildings were heated by wet firewood, so the atmosphere in the classrooms was not only cold but waste, too. Students were often taken for the preparation of the firewood. The receiving into the school was the same as in the wartime so the number of students was not so high.
In Autumn of 1945 A.A.Kumanev retired from the Army and stayed at the head of the school again. He had not only to fix the material funds of the school but to form almost a new pedagogical staff. Pre-war staff was not practically existed. F.A.Kargayev and S.I.Zhukovsky were killed on the front. K.I.Mansurov and G.L.Andronov didn't returned to the school. N.D.Andronova and S.P.Radayeva moved from Lukoyanov. G.S.Yermushkin became a communist party worker. D.A.Taskin died in 1947 and his wife K.P.Taskina retired. Among the former (pre-war) teachers were only 6 people. But that was enough for saving the spirit of creating, kindness and co-operative work which reigned at pre-war years.
They who returned from the front are a teacher of the Pedagogical training F.I.Volkov, and a teacher of Art A.R.Ousanov. In 1946 F.I.Volkov was appointed a head of studies. The one very important fact in forming of the new pedagogical staff was that for the first time the teachers were the graduators of the school. They were former soldiers V.L.Parshin - a teacher of Mathematics, K.P.Dobrotvorsky - a teacher of Music, A.I.Vasilyev - a teacher of the Pedagogical training and Psychology. Other former front-line soldiers began to work there too: N.A.Budaragin - a teacher of Mathematics, B.V.Martyanov - a teacher of Music and I.F.Mironov - a teacher of Geography. Some experienced teachers from other schools of the town moved to work to the school: V.P.Kumaneva - a teacher of Russian Language and Literature, A.M.Zhuravleva - a teacher of History. Finally there formed a good staff of teachers, consisting of experienced and young teachers, very conscientious, educated, deeply devoted to their job, and very different in their hobbies.
The life and soul of the staff and the generator of many ideas, the author of a lot of initiatives was the director A.A.Kumanev. He was a kind of directors who clear understood all the responsibilities for the mission affairs. To teach teachers means to be the teacher himself twice. He understood the specialty of the profession of the teacher. Human and professional features are indivisible in it. " It is impossible being a good teachers while being a bad person", - he often repeated. He himself was the example of this unity. His wide erudition, keenness on his job and love to people, aspiration to share his knowledge with other people and help anybody who needs it were the things, which attracted other people. He was a subtle psychologist, a very interesting talker, and the man of crystal honesty who never gave causes anybody to suspect in his decency. He succeeded to create the atmosphere of total involvement into the affairs of the school.
The main task of teaching was the preparation of a teacher, who knew and could do a lot of different things, who could think creatively and with zeal, who could overcome all the difficulties, and what is more important, who was fond of children. It was not very easy to decide this problem inside a small provincial school. Graduators of the village schools came there. Theoretical level of their education and general level of their development, their mental outlook and range of interests were limited. It was necessary to change their attitude to the knowledge and to make their range of interests much wider. It was necessary not only to learn them knowledge but to change their psychology.
During the first years after the war A.A.Kumanev was a staunch supporter of the pedagogical ideas of A.S.Makarenko. Pedagogical staff of the school took up the Makarenko's principles of the parallel interaction and the systems of perspective lines. In practical work it was reflected in creating of a friendly atmosphere of cooperative interaction between teachers and students. Most of the teachers of the school had deep knowledge, were very enthusiastic and devoted to their job. They had always been side by side with the students. That is why some years later they remind them in their letters and on the meetings with deep gratitude: their names are M.A.Vinokurova, A.M.Zhuravleva, Z.I. Korobova, I.F.Mironov, A.N.Nazarova, V.L.Parshin, A.R.Ousanova and many others.
I am happy and proud of having met with this remarkable collective of intelligent, thinking, and keen on their job teachers. Thank you! It is small. We make a profound bow to you and tell you the most sincere and hearty words of gratitude. You are our leading lights, we compare our lifestyles with you", wrote in her letter a 1952 year graduator A.Nosova. Many kind words were said about those days teachers. Some more words about some of them:
A.R.Ousanov was an artist. He began his work at school before the war, in 1936. After the war his untiring hands practically changed the decoration of the school in a very short time. One could see beautifully-made portraits of the writers, musicians, scientists and stands on the corridor walls. Skillfully decorated stage made the meeting hall comfortable and smart. Alexei Romanovich was not only a decorator but he was like a thermometer which quickly reacted on the school's life. With his creative works he on-the-fly reflected on all the important and new events in school's life, and helped deeper understanding the existing, and at the same time, tactfully blamed its faults and fails. His kind caricatures about the school life admired everyone. They were put into the brilliant album. Then the caricatures were subscribed by A.A.Kumanev with rhymes.
In 1949 I.I.Tsvetkov began his work at school as a teacher of the Pedagogical training and Psychology. After his coming the attitude to learning the disciplines of the pedagogical and psychological cycle extremely changed. It was already a very experienced teacher, closely familiar with the work at a primary school, because before it he had been working as a primary school teacher for 18 years. Lessons of the Pedagogical training became "live" and oriented on practical work. Everybody was surprised with his industrious and deep devotion to his profession. His students often paid attention on his simplicity of communication with his students, brilliant theoretical and practical skills, patience, kindness and his with to teach students to everything they would need in their future profession. Irinarkh Ivanovich made excellent study of the pedagogical training which later became the centre of pedagogical and methodological work. Interesting lectures, parties, talks on the pedagogical themes, sections and tutorials made this study the favourite place of students' work.
Pedagogical study became the centre of pedagogical and methodological work not only inside the school but in the district. Here his experience of the job at a Local Department of the General Education was shown.
In order to help local teachers they organized seminars and programmes' analysis, many work-outs of the calendar planning and bringing-up planning, thematical work-outs, plans of the school parties, quizzes and many other things were created.
In order to help local schools pedagogical study organized collecting the books for primary school among the students. In 1951 more than 800 books were collected. The study helped schools by making a lot of visual aids. There were 22 schools in the district and each of them received a set of the visual aids consisting of 16 items made by students on the Handicraft lessons. Bes